Ischemic strokeMost common type of stroke, usually when plaque buildup or blood clots block or severely narrow a blood vessel supplying or within the brain. MRAMagnetic Resonance Angiography – uses a large cylinder (large enough for an entire body to pass through) to take pictures of blood vessels.

Venous stasisAbnormal reduction of blood flow through veins, especially those of the lower extremities. If left untreated, it will result in organ failure. “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time. You need to get 100% to score the 19 points available. mild or merciful in disposition or character; lenient; compassionate.

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Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? Mycotic aneurysmA ballooned artery, usually saccular (see below), caused by an infected artery wall. AnticoagulantAny substance, which inhibits clotting of the blood. Deep vein thrombosisThe formation of a blood clot within a vein, usually of the leg or pelvis; depending on clot size, it may obstruct blood flow leading to serious complications, including traveling to the lungs (Pulmonary Embolism). Cholesterol originates in foods that are rich in animal fats. Vascular definition, pertaining to, composed of, or provided with vessels or ducts that convey fluids, as blood, lymph, or sap. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Beta Blocker: Medication used to treat high blood pressure, angina, myocardial infarction and other heart conditions, by controlling the heart rate.

It decreases the workload of the heart by blocking the influx of calcium ions into the smooth muscle cells, which reduces the oxygen demand on the heart.


Blood pressurePressure exerted by the pumping force of the heart, that causes blood flow in the arteries supplying  the heart and the rest  of the body.

This is a symptom of Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD). Vascular refers to veins and arteries. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2013:22. RestenosisThe reoccurrence of stenosis, a narrowing of a blood vessel leading to restricted blood flow. This procedure is closed by suturing.

Endotrachael Tube (ETT): Breathing tube placed in the trachea during surgery or respiratory emergencies to assist with breathing. Ventricular Fibrillation: A very rapid, uncoordinated, ineffective series of contractions throughout the lower chambers of the heart.

Carotid endarterectomyMost common surgical procedure for carotid artery blockages; carotid artery is exposed, blood is shunted around blocked area, plaque is removed, and the artery is shut. ThrombosisFormation or presence of aggregated platelets and clotted blood inside a blood vessel or heart cavity (“coronary thrombosis”).

StatinsA class of drugs that reduce cholesterol in the blood.

Heart attack or “myocardial infarction”Occurs when reduced blood supply causes a portion of the heart muscle to die; often because a plaque buildup breaks down and a blood clot forms in a narrowed area of the artery.

Symptoms may include: weakness, numbing, tingling or loss of feeling in face, arm or leg; trouble seeing or double vision; slurred speech or problems understanding others; sudden, severe headache; dizziness or spinning feeling; lost of balance; blackouts.

):A “heart-attack”, with loss of part of the heart muscle due to a severe decrease in blood supply.

Mitral valve prolapseMost common heart valve problem where the valve bulges slightly, allowing blood to back into the atrium when it closes. Today 's Points. Laboratory for Accelerated Vascular Research, Center for Hernia Repair & Abdominal Wall Reconstruction, Center for Limb Preservation and Diabetic Foot, T32 Research Training in Transplant Surgery, Cardiothoracic Translational Research Lab, Center for Global Surgery and Health Equity, Center for Maternal-Fetal Precision Medicine, Chang Laboratory for Liver Tissue Engineering.

Dictionary.com Unabridged Kidney failureAlso known as “renal failure,” the kidney’s inability to adequately filter waste materials from the blood. Pulmonary embolismThe result of a circulating blood clot becoming lodged in a pulmonary artery.

AtherosclerosisA progressive narrowing and hardening of the arteries; caused when plaques develop in the wall of arteries, due to the accumulation of cholesterol and other fats, and reduce blood flow. BiobankA collection of blood and tissue samples used to identify biomarkers that can predict certain diseases or conditions.

Stent: An expandable, slotted metal tube that is inserted into a vessel. Who Is The “Jack” In The Term “Jack-o’-lantern,” Anyway? AngiographyTest procedure whereby a special dye (or other contrast material) is introduced into blood vessels to better visualize disease, and the flow of blood; resulting images are called angiograms. Content  provided courtesy of VascularCures. Relating to or having xylem and phloem, plant tissues highly specialized for carrying water, dissolved nutrients, and food from one part of a plant to another. : See Angioplasty.

Hypotension:Low blood pressure.

Vena cavaThe large vein in the abdomen and chest, which returns oxygen-depleted blood to the heart.

Blood pressurePressure exerted by the pumping force of the heart, that causes blood flow in the arteries supplying  the heart and the rest  of the body. Kidney failureAlso known as “renal failure,” the kidney’s inability to adequately filter waste materials from the blood. VentricleOne of two lower chambers in the heart, which either circulates blood to the lungs (right ventricle) for oxygen replenishment, or to the rest of the body (left ventricle) via the arteries. Dilation: The gradual opening of the narrowed coronary artery by cracking and compressing the narrowing or obstructing plaque. Cholesterol: A waxy substance that circulates in the blood and plays a role in the formation of blockages. This is a potentially serious condition.

Thoracic aortaThe portion of the aorta which descends through the left chest cavity. Aortic stenosisAortic valve that doesn’t open all the way, inhibiting the flow of blood. having or claiming to have the power of seeing objects or actions beyond the range of natural vision. ClaudicationPain in the muscles of the leg brought on when walking due to narrowed or blocked arteries that reduce blood flow and oxygen supplly to the leg that is relieved with rest. Chest Tube: A tube or tubes in the chest which drain fluids from the area of the operation. Removed when the patient is able to breathe on his/her own.

Bruit(brew-ee) The sound blood makes when it rushes in a rough or turbulent manner through an artery partially blocked (narrowed) by plaque.
Evaluation of Terminology for Vascular Anomalies in Current Literature Plast Reconstr Surg.

CTComputed Axial Tomography – the CT or “CAT” scan produces a series of cross-sectional images of any part of the body. Superficial veinA vein lying close to the surface of the skin.

StatinsA class of drugs that reduce cholesterol in the blood.

A blood vessel taking blood from the heart under higher pressure with a pulse.

Main artery leaving the heart in the chest curving down through the abdomen and ending with division into iliac arteries. Blood clotA semi-solid gel-like material (a mix of blood cells, platelets, and fibrin); this natural product of blood coagulation is necessary to stem bleeding at a wound site.

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Nuclear medicine imagingA diagnostic scan taken after a radioactive tracer is injected into a vein. But a raft of studies now shows that saturated fat does not increase your likelihood of vascular or heart disease. Cardiac Angiogram or Catheterization: An X-ray procedure which involves the injection of dye into the heart chambers and into the coronary arteries for diagnostic purposes. Permanent damage to the heart occurs.

Mammary Artery: An artery that runs down the inside of the chest wall and is sometimes used in coronary artery bypass graft surgery.

Saccular aneurysmA “bulge” on one side of an artery. Used after open heart surgery to maintain a steady heart rate for recovery, and, in emergencies, to stimulate the heart to bea. Alloys are used for stents.

StrokeSudden loss of brain function due to an artery blockage or rupture depriving the brain of oxygen; often results from a buildup of plaque in the blood vessels.

one crystal transmits, then pauses to listen/receive signal; most commonly used in vascular ultrasound duplexing; limited to the Nyquist limit = 1A PRF = aliasing Continuous wave Doppler only 2 crystals that make up a transducer; one sends continuously and one receives continuously; cannot produce image; Doppler ambiguity (cannot qualify velocity or at what depth signal is coming from); No … Illiac arteriesAt the navel, the aorta splits into the two iliac arteries that transport blood into the pelvis and each leg. AtherectomyProcedure wherein a catheter with a device is used to clear away plaque blocking an artery.

The tolerance for low blood pressure varies greatly, but generally a systolic blood pressure less than 90 indicates hypotension.. Hypercholesterolemia: Hypercholesterolemia refers to levels of cholesterol in the blood that are higher than normal. AneurysmA “ballooning” of a blood vessel, usually an artery; the result of plaque weakening the wall of an artery, then blood pressure causing the artery to balloon out and the artery wall to become dangerously thin.

Suctioning: A procedure performed on patients connected to a ventilator.

Removing plaque from an artery with atherosclerosis. Congestive Heart Failure: The condition which results when the heart is unable to pump adequately.

0. A small tube placed down the throat draws out mucous, in order the keep the lungs clear.

This is a contrast to "Bench to Bedside" Disease-Oriented Research, often performed by basic scientists. Vascular disease Any disease of the circulatory system. Pulmonary embolismThe result of a circulating blood clot becoming lodged in a pulmonary artery.

Aneurysm: An aneurysm is an abnormal widening of a blood vessel. Most common true aneurysm of the artery; rupture results in life-threatening internal bleeding. HypoxiaA reduction in the amount of oxygen reaching tissue, despite sufficient blood flow. Mycotic aneurysmA ballooned artery, usually saccular (see below), caused by an infected artery wall. Vascular surgeon A physician who specializes in the surgical treatment of blood vessels. AnticoagulantAny substance, which inhibits clotting of the blood. Ace Inhibitor: Medication used to treat high blood pressure. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition Pacemaker: Electronic device used to control the heart rate.

Myocardial Infarction (M.I.

AortaLargest artery in the body originating at the heart’s left ventricle; carries oxygen-rich blood to body’s organs and tissue. Content  provided courtesy of VascularCures. Pulmonary arteryAn artery which carries oxygen-depleted blood (an exception to the rule) from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs. StrokeSudden loss of brain function due to an artery blockage or rupture depriving the brain of oxygen; often results from a buildup of plaque in the blood vessels. Most are not magnetic, and do not cause allergic reactions. 2011 Jan;127(1):347-51. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e3181f95b83.


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