stationnement. In the US, half of all foreign films watched, and 30% of foreign books read are in French. In Switzerland, depending on the local dialect, 80 can be quatre-vingts (Geneva, Neuchâtel, Jura) or huitante (Vaud, Valais, Fribourg). The Francien dialect was basically a north-central dialect with some northern features. "Parlez-vous français ?" [86], A leading world language, French is taught in universities around the world, and is one of the world's most influential languages because of its wide use in the worlds of journalism, jurisprudence, education, and diplomacy. The language divisions in Switzerland do not coincide with political subdivisions, and some cantons have bilingual status: for example, cities such as Biel/Bienne and cantons such as Valais, Fribourg and Berne. Talk to the Snail gives a hysterical look at understanding the French. A law determines the cases in which the French language is to be used". Although there are many French regional accents, foreign learners normally use only one variety of the language. 3. 10. French is one of the four official languages of Switzerland, along with German, Italian, and Romansh, and is spoken in the western part of Switzerland, called Romandy, of which Geneva is the largest city. La france est bornée au nord par la Manche et la mer du Nord, au sud par la mer Méditerranée et à l'ouest par l'ocean par l'océan Atlantique. "Estimation des francophones dans le monde en 2015. [13] Due to the rise of French in Africa, the total French-speaking population worldwide is expected to reach 700 million people in 2050. The world's first real international language. It continues to be an administrative language in Laos and Cambodia, although its influence has waned in recent years. 8. From then on, standard French began to replace local dialects, which were officially discouraged, though the standard language did not spread to popular usage in all regions until well into the 19th century. The UAE has the status in the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie as an observer state, and Qatar has the status in the organization as an associate state. [111] The comma (French: virgule) is used in French numbers as a decimal point, i.e. Within Old French many dialects emerged but the Francien dialect is one that not only continued but also thrived during the Middle French period (14th century–17th century). [82][80] In Wallis and Futuna, the percentage of the population who reported that French was the language they use the most at home rose from 10% at the 2008 census to 13% at the 2018 census. This might be an easy question for francophiles and francophones to answer. [24], The Gaulish language likely survived into the 6th century in France, despite considerable Romanization. “Rien ne sert de courir, il faut partir à point” (Running is worthless. Smaller pockets of French speakers exist in all other provinces. The majority of French words derive from Vulgar Latin or were constructed from Latin or Greek roots. [92] In the article, Werber ranked French as, after English, the second most influential language of the world, ahead of Spanish. Near the beginning of the 19th century, the French government began to pursue policies with the end goal of eradicating the many minorities and regional languages (patois) spoken in France. It is the second most widely used language within EU institutions after English, but remains the preferred language of certain institutions or administrations such as the Court of Justice of the European Union, where it is the sole internal working language, or the Directorate-General for Agriculture. the linguistic policy of the French language academies of France and Quebec has been to provide French equivalents[104] to (mainly English) imported words, either by using existing vocabulary, extending its meaning or deriving a new word according to French morphological rules. French is the official language in France and it is also the second major language in Europe. castels became château pl. "[92], Knowledge of French is often considered to be a useful skill by business owners in the United Kingdom; a 2014 study found that 50% of British managers considered French to be a valuable asset for their business, thus ranking French as the most sought-after foreign language there, ahead of German (49%) and Spanish (44%). The article used for singular nouns is different from that used for plural nouns and the article provides a distinguishing factor between the two in speech. [78] In the French special collectivity of New Caledonia, 97% of the population can speak, read and write French[79] while in French Polynesia this figure is 95%,[80] and in the French collectivity of Wallis and Futuna, it is 84%. The verb in French is conjugated for three persons, singular and plural, but again, although distinguished in spelling, several of these forms are pronounced identically. As the French language further evolved, the pronunciation of au turned into /o/ so that the u was reestablished in orthography for consistency, resulting in modern French animaux (pronounced first /animos/ before the final /s/ was dropped in contemporary French). These include the present (présent), the simple past (passé composé and passé simple), the past imperfective (imparfait), the pluperfect (plus-que-parfait), the simple future (futur simple), the future perfect (futur antérieur), and the past perfect (passé antérieur). Some forms are less commonly used today. It retained this role until approximately the middle of the 20th century, when it was replaced by English as the United States became the dominant global power following the Second World War. Professor of Romance Languages, University of Oxford. [93] MIT economist Albert Saiz calculated a 2.3% premium for those who have French as a foreign language in the workplace.[94]. The French-speaking population of Canada is growing relatively fast, and more than four-fifths of the population of Quebec province uses French on a daily basis. It is a main or official language not just in France, but in parts of Belgium and Switzerland, in Monaco, in parts of Canada – notably but not only in Quebec – as well as being widely spoken in north and west Africa, Lebanon, and parts of south-east Asia, particularly in former French colonies. The formidable story behind the French croissant. 5 Unconventional Ways to practice French [39], Spoken by 19.71% of the European Union's population, French is the third most widely spoken language in the EU, after English and German and the second most-widely taught language after English.[9][41]. Some types of sentences allow for or require different word orders, in particular inversion of the subject and verb, as in "Parlez-vous français ?" Moreover, some conscious changes were made to restore Latin orthography (as with some English words such as "debt"): French is a morphophonemic language. In fact, the internet has plenty of ways to learn French online. French is mostly a second language in Africa, but it has become a first language in some urban areas, such as the region of Abidjan, Ivory Coast[52] and in Libreville, Gabon. While some of these learning styles are obvious, some of the ways you can learn French […], What could be more special and memorable than learning French on a truly exceptional authentic residential immersion course where you stay with a French teacher in her home in lovely Provence. For example, Latin secūrum ‘sure, secure’ became Spanish seguro but French sûr; Latin vōcem ‘voice’ became Spanish voz but French voix, pronounced vwa. 6. The Act applies to areas of the province where there are significant Francophone communities, namely Eastern Ontario and Northern Ontario. [21] The population remained 90% indigenous in origin,[22][23] and instead of Roman settlers, the Romanizing class was the local native elite, whose children learned Latin in Roman schools; at the time of the collapse of the Empire, this local elite had been slowly abandoning Gaulish entirely, but the rural and lower class populations remained Gaulish speakers who could sometimes also speak Latin or Greek. [109] In Belgium and in its former African colonies, however, quatre-vingts is universally used. La france est entourée de six pays: la Belgique, le Luxembourg, l'Allemagne, la Suisse, l'Italie et l'Espagne. About 70–80% of the country's population have Haitian Creole as their first language; the rest speak French as a first language. In English-speaking Canada, the United Kingdom, and the Republic of Ireland, French is the first foreign language taught and in number of pupils is far ahead of other languages. [63] French also survived in isolated pockets along the Gulf Coast of what was previously French Lower Louisiana, such as Mon Louis Island, Alabama and DeLisle, Mississippi (the latter only being discovered by linguists in the 1990s) but these varieties are severely endangered or presumed extinct. About 25% (1,054) of these foreign words come from English and are fairly recent borrowings. All institutions of the EU use French as a working language along with English and German; in certain institutions, French is the sole working language (e.g. How to get on with them. French is a Romance language (meaning that it is descended primarily from Vulgar Latin) that evolved out of the Gallo-Romance dialects spoken in northern France.

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