Privacy Policy     Advertising Policy     Share This Site     About Me     Additional Resources. Hemlock trees are medium to large sized evergreen trees that can grow nearly 100 feet tall and are a common tree found in many forests in the eastern United States. Western hemlock, with its straight grain and finer texture, sands to a silky, reflective smoothness. In the timber industry, hemlock is an important tree used for wood pulp and they also work well when planted for privacy screens although their shallow root systems make them a poor choice for planting near homes and other structors since they can blow down and cause damage.

Hemlock is native to Europe and western Asia and was introduced into North America as an ornamental plant.

Common Name(s): Eastern Hemlock, Canadian Hemlock, Tree Size: 65-100 ft (30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 28 lbs/ft3 (450 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .36, .45, Modulus of Rupture: 8,900 lbf/in2 (61.4 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,200,000 lbf/in2 (8.28 GPa), Crushing Strength: 5,410 lbf/in2 (37.3 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 3.0%, Tangential: 6.8%, Volumetric: 9.7%, T/R Ratio: 2.3.

As a reminder, we may receive a small share of the sale. Hemlock works great when the outside temperatures are mild and you need a quick fire to take the chill off inside your house, or try mixing the wood in with other popular hardwoods to give you a longer burn time. Lack of pitch and resin also make hemlock ideal for the dry heat of saunas. Photograph: Jim Kascoutas, Holding a short piece steady when drilling dowel holes can be a problem, especially if your bench... read more.

See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information.
The Japanese word means "yew-leaved," referring to its short, flat, and contrary to legend, non-poisonous needles.

Eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) plants its roots from Canada south to Georgia and west across the Great Lakes states to Minnesota. Sapwood may be slightly lighter in color but usually isn’t distinguished from the heartwood. As a reminder, we may receive a small share of the sale.

The softwood that toughens up with age. Expect prices to be moderate for a domestic softwood.

Common Uses: Boxes, pallets, crates, plywood, framing, and other construction purposes. Illlustrations: Steve Schindler

Featuring only the finest grade, you can achieve a rustic or natural wood look very easily.

During the last century the bark of hemlock was sometimes worth more than the wood. Western hemlock has picked up a wide range of names over … Hides and skins infused with a tannic-acid solution become soft and strong.

Tragically, stands of hemlock in the eastern United States and Canada were stripped of their bark, then left to die. Growing to greater size than its eastern relative--which only becomes 80' tall and 36" in diameter in 250 years—western hemlock represents one of the lumber industry's few remaining sources of large, clear timber. Hemlock Lumber Hemlock LumberThis is a natural rot and bug resistant wood. Includes enough premium fire starters to light over 40 fires! Hemlock makes a great firewood for campfires because it burns hot, it smells good and it crackles and pops, giving you the ideal campfire experience. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Glues, stains, and finishes well.

Hemlocks are a member of the pine family and prefer an acidic soil that's moist and allows proper drainage.
Hemlock is used primarily as a construction timber, and is in good supply. Hemlock Firewood.

Should do a article on Weather and bug resistant woods for exterior and inground use, (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). With a decent BTU rating and the option to use hemlock as both a campfire wood or inside your wood stove, adding some of the firewood to your wood rack is not a waste of time. In fact, this softwood actually grows harder with age! Click here for more information. During the last century the bark of hemlock was sometimes worth more than the wood. To learn more, let's look closer at the tree and its heating abilities.

Hemlock starts easily and splits easily making it a good choice for kindling, however it does not leave behind large coals which could be an issue if you're looking for an overnight burn. Western hemlock has a high moisture content when green. The wood tends to burn up completely leaving behind fine ashes as opposed to large coals that makes restarting a fire in the morning difficult. Seed-bearing brown cones sprout at the ends of branch shoots. Workability: Working properties are intermediate. When compared to Western Hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla), Eastern Hemlock generally has wider growth rings, though both species can have tightly spaced growth rings. © 2020 Meredith Corporation. In fact, many long time firewood users will agree that any free firewood is worth burning as long as it's dry and easy to obtain and hemlock is no exception. The conspicuous growth rings can exhibit interesting grain patterns on flatsawn surfaces. Technically it doesn’t meet the Red List criteria of a vulnerable or endangered species, but is close to qualifying and/or may qualify in the near future. In crosscutting, however, expect some tearout. Find out here!

Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Use the Campfire Can fire starter kit to make building your next fire quick and easy. Is the Sarek the perfect axe for camping or splitting firewood? Ease of machining and finishing have made hemlock an increasingly popular alternative to hardwood for furniture and cabinets.

The poison hemlock is best known for being the plant that killed the famous philosopher Socrates. Endgrain: Resin canals absent; earlywood to latewood transition ranges from moderately abrupt to gradual, color contrast fairly high; tracheid diameter medium-large. S4S boards can increase the value of your home or business estate and are an inexpensive way to add character and flair to any home. It is frequently found in the US and southern Canada. Western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla), sometimes called Pacific hemlock, thrives in the moist coastal ranges from Alaska to northern California, and also climbs mountain slopes in Idaho and Montana. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness.

Also, because of the disparity between the soft earlywood and the hard latewood, sanding can create dips and uneven surfaces. Eastern Hemlock is also the state tree of Pennsylvania. Hemlock is a softwood and just like any other softwood, it's a less desirable firewood when compared to a popular hardwood like oak or maple but that doesn't mean the firewood is useless especially if it's free and easy to access. The leather-tanning and fur-processing industries demanded hemlock bark for its high tannic acid content. Builders can also use it for framing and related activities because it is sturdy and not prone to warping or twisting. It wasn't until the '40s boom in wood-frame house construction that hemlock came into its own as lumber. For more related content, subscribe to our newsletter! If you need them, thick boards up to 14" wide is available. All Rights Reserved. And hemlock costs less than Ponderosa or white pine. (, like this site, easy to read and use.

The wood is easy to cut, easy to handle and produces 19.3 million BTUs per cord. don’t change it. Has a coarse, uneven texture. The wood grips screws and accepts all glues without a problem. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, but is reported by the IUCN as being near threatened. Although it's classified as a softwood, hemlock can be a good firewood source as long as the wood is allowed to properly season before use. Hides and skins infused with a tannic-acid solution become soft and strong.

Hemlock is used primarily as a construction timber, and is in good supply. The wood of western hemlock weighs more (about 29 pounds per cubic foot, dry) than that of its eastern relative. The leather-tanning and fur-processing industries demanded hemlock bark for its high tannic acid content.

If you have a neighbor that's looking to give away a couple of hemlock trees, or you have a couple of trees in your yard that need to be removed, don't be afraid to turn those hemlock trees into firewood.

Allergies/Toxicity: Eastern Hemlock has been reported to cause skin irritation.

We have property in North Georgia with several blighted Hemlocks. The poison hemlock is actually a flowering plant that grows about 5-8 feet tall and is not associated with the hemlock tree.

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